India’s population will exceed China’s by 2023, according to UN report


According to a United Nations report, India will surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2023, with more than 1.4 billion inhabitants each this year.

The world’s population — estimated to reach 8 billion by Nov. 15 this year — could grow to 8.5 billion by 2030 and 10.4 billion by 2100, if the rate of death slows, the UN report released Monday said. was released, which was World Population Day.

According to the domestic census, which is held once every ten years, India had a population of 1.21 billion in 2011.

The government has postponed the 2021 census due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

China’s census data released last year revealed that the country’s population growth had fallen to its lowest rate since the 1960s, posing a challenge to policymakers in Beijing.

According to UN estimates, the world’s population is growing at the slowest pace since 1950, falling to less than 1 percent by 2020.

In 2021, the average fertility rate of the world’s population was 2.3 births per woman over her lifetime, after falling from about five births in 1950.

Global fertility is expected to fall further to 2.1 births per woman by 2050.

“This is an opportunity to celebrate our diversity, recognize our common humanity and admire advances in health that have extended longevity and dramatically reduced maternal and infant mortality,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a statement. declaration.

Still, a growing population was a reminder of a shared responsibility to care for the planet and to “think about where we are still failing to meet our obligations to one another,” he added.

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