According to a United Nations report, India will surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2023, with more than 1.4 billion inhabitants each this year.
Most important points:
- The world’s population is growing at the slowest rate since 1950, with a decline of less than 1 percent in 2020
- Global fertility is expected to decline further
- The United Nations said more than half of the expected increase in world population by 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries
The world’s population — estimated to reach 8 billion by Nov. 15 this year — could grow to 8.5 billion by 2030 and 10.4 billion by 2100, if the rate of death slows, the UN report released Monday said. was released, which was World Population Day.
According to the domestic census, which is held once every ten years, India had a population of 1.21 billion in 2011.
The government has postponed the 2021 census due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
China’s census data released last year revealed that the country’s population growth had fallen to its lowest rate since the 1960s, posing a challenge to policymakers in Beijing.
According to UN estimates, the world’s population is growing at the slowest pace since 1950, falling to less than 1 percent by 2020.
In 2021, the average fertility rate of the world’s population was 2.3 births per woman over her lifetime, after falling from about five births in 1950.
Global fertility is expected to fall further to 2.1 births per woman by 2050.
“This is an opportunity to celebrate our diversity, recognize our common humanity and admire advances in health that have extended longevity and dramatically reduced maternal and infant mortality,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a statement. declaration.
Still, a growing population was a reminder of a shared responsibility to care for the planet and to “think about where we are still failing to meet our obligations to one another,” he added.
Referring to an earlier report from the World Health Organization that estimated that about 14.9 million had died from the COVID-19 pandemic between January 2020 and December 2021, the UN report said global life expectancy at birth fell from 72.8 years in 2021 to 71 years in 2021. 2019, mainly due to the pandemic.
The United Nations said more than half of the projected increase in the world’s population by 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries: Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania.
However, the population of 61 countries is projected to decline by 1 percent or more between 2022 and 2050 due to a decline in fertility.